Diabetes is the disease that results when one’s blood glucose, also referred to as blood sugar, gets abnormally high. The main source of energy in human body is blood glucose which is produced by food consumed. When food is eaten, the hormone insulin produced by the organ called pancreas, helps to transport body cells to be used for energy. If the body fails to produce enough insulin, or fails to use available insulin well, glucose remains in the body without getting into the cells for use as energy. That is when the body is said to have excess sugar.
After a long while the excess unused sugar in the body becomes a challenge to the body causing health issues. Diabetes is one of the commonest diseases in our society today. Many schools of thought believe that the reason the disease has become so widespread is because of excessive consumption of processed food.
Types of Diabetes
There are various types of diabetes. The commonest of them however are Type 1, Type 2 and gestational diabetes. Type one diabetes results when the body fails to produce insulin. The immune system has attacked and destroyed the pancreas that produces insulin. Type 1 diabetes occurs more in children and young adults although it can also occur at any age. Those who suffer it need to take insulin everyday to stay alive.
Type 2 Diabetes
This occurs when the body fails to make insulin or use available insulin well. This is the commonest type of diabetes. It occurs more among people aged 45 and above, although they are also found among children and young adults.
Gestational diabetes are diagnosed in some women during pregnancy. Most of the time, this diabetes disappear after child birth. People who have gestational diabetes are very likely to develop Type 2 diabetes later in life. What is diagnosed as gestational diabetes are actually Type 2 diabetes in their passive and latent states.
Other types of diabetes which are less common are monogenic diabetes which is hereditary and cystic fibrosis -related diabetes.